home and his clothes with paints and dyes, building better structures, and using fire and tools effectively. The great Chinese, Greek and Roman civilisations all added to the new use of materials, and sculpture and architecture went hand in hand with intellectual and philosophical development. Plato, Euclid, Socrates, Galileo, Leonardo da Vinci, and many others brought society through to the modern age and the start of the Industrial Revolution. More recently another revolution in technology has brought robotics and miniaturisation of components, thus bringing industry more automation and less need for man-operated machinery. During this time engineers have continued to study nature as a model for construction and development. An example is Louis Sullivan with his tension and compression structures based on the Morning Glory flower. Now, the new technique of continuous glass fibre structures, developed by Dr Math (Mathweb) of British Petroleum, go a long way towards helping man to emulate the spider. Developments in rotational moulding, ceramics, glass, controlled crystallisation of metals and many other areas have all introduced new shape possibilities, so now the engineer is more often than not required to be the arbiter of shape and form, rather than being overtly constrained by necessity. It has, however, become possible to distinguish three distinct elements in the design of form which can act as guidelines for the designer, and it is worth studying these in detail.
The leading integrated chemical process design guide: Now with extensive new coverage and more process designs
More than ever, effective design is the focal point of sound chemical engineering.Analysis, Synthesis, and Design of Chemical Processes, Fourth Edition, presents design as a creative process that integrates both the big picture and the small details-and knows which to stress when, and why. Realistic from start to finish, this updated edition moves readers beyond classroom exercises into open-ended, real-world process problem solving. The authors introduce integrated techniques for every facet of the discipline, from finance to operations, new plant design to existing process optimization.
This fourth edition adds new chapters introducing dynamic process simulation; advanced concepts in steady-state simulation; extensive coverage of thermodynamics packages for modeling processes containing electrolyte solutions and solids; and a concise introduction to logic control. "What You Have Learned" summaries have been added to each chapter, and the text's organization has been refined for greater clarity.
This title draws on more than fifty years of innovative chemical engineering instruction at West Virginia University and the University of Nevada, Reno. It includes suggested curricula for single-semester and year-long design courses, case studies and practical design projects, current equipment cost data, and extensive preliminary design information that can be used as the starting point for more detailed analyses.
About the CD-Rom and Web Site
The CD contains the newest version of CAPCOST, a powerful tool for evaluating fixed capital investment, full process economics, and profitability. The heat exchanger network software, HENSAD, is also included. The CD also contains an additional appendix presenting preliminary design information for fifteen key chemical processes, including four new to this edition: shift reaction; acid-gas removal via physical solvent; H2S removal from a gas stream using the Claus process; and coal gasification. The CD also includes six additional projects, plus chapters on outcomes assessment, written and oral communications, and a written report case study. Sixty additional projects and twenty-four more problems are available at www.che.cemr.wvu.edu/publications/projects.
Practicing designers, students, and educators in the semiconductor field face an ever expanding portfolio of MOSFET models. In "Compact MOSFET Models for VLSI Design," A.B. Bhattacharyya presents a unified perspective on the topic, allowing the practitioner to view and interpret device phenomena concurrently using different modeling strategies. Readers will learn to link device physics with model parameters, helping to close the gap between device understanding and its use for optimal circuit performance. Bhattacharyya also lays bare the core physical concepts that will drive the future of VLSI development, allowing readers to stay ahead of the curve, despite the relentless evolution of new models.
Adopts a unified approach to guide students through the confusing array of MOSFET models Links MOS physics to device models to prepare practitioners for real-world design activities Helps fabless designers bridge the gap with off-site foundries Features rich coverage of: quantum mechanical related phenomena Si-Ge strained-Silicon substrate non-classical structures such as Double Gate MOSFETs Presents topics that will prepare readers for long-term developments in the field Includes solutions in every chapter Can be tailored for use among students and professionals of many levels Comes with MATLAB code downloads for independent practice and advanced study
This book is essential for students specializing in VLSI Design and indispensible for design professionals in the microelectronics and VLSI industries. Written to serve a number of experience levels, it can be used either as a course textbook or practitioner's reference.
Access the MATLAB code, solution manual, and lecture materials at the companion website: www.wiley.com/go/bhattacharyya
February 14th 1993. Sheffield United fans remember it as the day their team won a famous victory against Manchester United. The date is lodged in Anna Young's brain for a different reason. That was the day her thirteen-year-old sister, Jessica, was abducted... Fast forward twenty years. The case has long since gone cold. But Anna won't let it die. She made a promise to look after her little sister. And it's a promise she intends to keep no matter how long it takes... A detective with one thing on his mind.
try to predict it using mathematical expressions. His heuristic model without mathematical proof is almost universally accepted. However, it entails a c- cuit specific noise factor that is not known a priori and so is not predictive. In this work, we attempt to address the topic of oscillator design from a diff- ent perspective. By introducing a new paradigm that accurately captures the subtleties of phase noise we try to answer the question: 'why do oscillators behave in a particular way?' and 'what can be done to build an optimum design?' It is also hoped that the paradigm is useful in other areas of circuit design such as frequency synthesis and clock recovery. In Chapter 1, a general introduction and motivation to the subject is presented. Chapter 2 summarizes the fundamentals of phase noise and timing jitter and discusses earlier works on oscillator's phase noise analysis. Chapter 3 and Chapter 4 analyze the physical mechanisms behind phase noise generation in current-biased and Colpitts oscillators. Chapter 5 discusses design trade-offs and new techniques in LC oscillator design that allows optimal design. Chapter 6 and Chapter 7 discuss a topic that is typically ignored in oscillator design. That is flicker noise in LC oscillators. Finally, Chapter 8 is dedicated to the complete analysis of the role of varactors both in tuning and AM-FM noise conversion.
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