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In recent years, the way open source software is developed has taken hold as a valid alternative to commercial proprietary methods, as have the products themselves, e.g., the Linux operating system, Apache web-server software, and Mozilla Firefox browser. But what is open source software? How is the open source community organized? What makes this new model successful? What effects has it had and might it have on the future of the IT industry, companies and government policies? These and many other questions are answered in this book.The first chapter gives a brief history of the open source community and the second chapter takes a close look at the relationship between intellectual property rights and software, both open source and proprietary. The next three chapters consider the who, the open source community, the how, software development both within and outside the community, and the what, open source projects and product quality. Chapters 6 and 7 focus on the different users of open source software: companies and governments respectively. These are followed by two chapters that interpret the phenomenon, first from an organizational point of view in Chapter 8 and then using the theory of complex adaptive systems in Chapter 9. The last chapter explores the current and potential applications of the concept underlying open source software in other fields.
This book documents and explains how strategic human resource management (SHRM) and high performance work systems (HPWS) have been adopted among indigenous enterprises, namely state-owned enterprises (SOEs) and domestic private enterprises (DPEs) in China, from both management and employee perspectives.
The book examines the mutual relationships between employees and their supervisors/managers through social exchange theory. It explains how and why employees develop their perceptions and relationships with their immediate supervisors/managers in the working environment, and the consequent effects on their attitudes and behaviour at work.
Given the importance of the Chinese economy in the world, and the impact of its 'open-door' policy and economic and management reforms, this book will provide valuable insight into China's SHRM and HPWS.
The broad national coverage and array of topics in Natural Resources Law is of interest to readers across the country. Most cases are introduced with a photo or map of the place, along with a context-setting paragraph. The text conveys the drama behind resource disputes and policy and the love-of-place. Each group of cases--both foundational cases as well as new decisions--begins with a factually rich discussion problem tailored to the cases that follow. Many problems mirror traditional essay exam questions; others raise contemporary policy issues. This highly teachable book groups readings into discrete, assignment-sized chunks of 25-40 pages, allowing coverage of 2-4 cases or one problem during each class section. The main emphasis is on primary sources, and each chapter opens with relevant statutory and regulatory sections.
The Third Edition sees an expanded emphasis on energy, exploring the Deepwater Horizon disaster, fracking, renewable energy development on federal lands, and the Keystone XL Pipeline. Climate change is addressed in every chapter. More great problems appear alongside photographs and slides. New cases and notes examine Connecticut v. American Electric Powe r (climate change and nuisance law); Summers v. Earth Island Institute and Monstanto v. Geerston Seed Farms (standing); Carcieri v. Salazar (Indian Reorganization Act); Stop the Beach Renourishment v. Florida DEP and PPL Montana, LLC v. Montana (public trust); Arizona Cattle Growers' Ass'n v. Salazar and Center for Biological Diversity v. Kempthorne (Endangered Species Act); Edwards Aquifer Authority v. Day (water law); National Mining Ass'n v. Jackson (mountaintop removal/valley fill); and Casitas Municipal Water Dist. v. United States (regulatory takings and water rights.)
Thoroughly updated, the revised Third Edition presents:
Open Innovation: A Multifaceted Perspective unveils research on open innovation from multidisciplinary perspectives and with practical insights from leaders and policy-makers. The first section addresses the links between open innovation and various disciplines, methods, concepts and policy instruments. The second section reviews selectively the literature, focusing essentially on open service innovation and innovation in financial services industries. It also explores different forms and types of practices reflecting the adoption and implementation of open innovation. The third section focuses on the management of open innovation, paying specific attention to the individual, intra- and inter-organizational levels.
A Framework for Human Resource Management provides readers and practicing managers with a concise yet thorough review of essential HR management conceptsâ€“including fundamental practices, methods, topics, and relevant legal findingsâ€“in a highly readable and accessible format.
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